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Excerpts etc. GRATIS :

Excerpts of books:

An “ Excerpt ” or “ Sample ” of every book is provided for free by a link located at the lower part of the corresponding webpage. Yet, the full text of the complete book can only be obtained from the appropriate on–line bookstores distributing that very book.

The links are all collectively displayed together—for the readers' convenience—below:

Informative articles:

Two articles full of information in simple words for Patients are distributed for free via the author's scientific (medical) webpage  ICP: Information for Patients   .

These articles cover 29 pages in total. The links for both of them are displayed—for the readers' convenience—below :

A medical book published in 1765:

As a contribution to each and every member of the scientific and scholars’ international community who studies History of Medicine or French Literature or Typography/Graphic Design (either as a researcher or as a medical practitioner), Brig.-Gen. I.C. Papachristos, MD, Ret. offers the scanned file of the following 1765 edition of medical book for free download IN MEMORIAM of Ioannis PRINCEPHILES, M.D., his mother’s father:
John Huxham, MD, FRCS (Ed). Essai sur les Fièvres. Paris, 1765

( Traduction sur la troisième édition anglaise -
French translation based on 3rd English edition of:
« Essay On Fevers » )

Acrobat Reader file:

[First 122 pages here: 31 pages of Preface + 91 pages of text, 18.2 MB .pdf file]

About the author & the book :

  • John Huxham (1692–1768) was an English surgeon, a provincial doctor notable for his study of fevers. In 1750 Huxham published his ‘Essay on Fevers’ and in 1755 received the Copley Medal for his contribution to medicine.
  • The book is all about fevers; a contemporary studier may well see how often the now-abandoned practice of ‘bloodletting’ was in use back in the 18th century. The book is written in French (that all important scientific articles of that era had to be translated into in order to be internationally read). The 18th century fonts used and all other typography features are amazing. Ancient Greek phrases (quotations from Hippocrates etc) are often present throughout the book
  • The book also contains a ‘dissertation on the Devon colic,’ that was a condition that afflicted people in Devon in the 17th and 18th centuries before it was discovered to be lead poisoning.
    • Symptoms began with severe abdominal pains and the condition was occasionally fatal
    • Cider is the traditional drink of Devonians, and the connection between the colic and cider drinking had been observed for many years. The condition was commonly attributed to the acidity of the beverage.
      William Musgrave's publication ‘De arthritide symptomatica’ (2nd ed, 1715) included the first scientific description of “Devonshire colic” – this was later referred to by John Huxham.
    • However, the precise cause was discovered in the 1760s when Dr George Baker put forward the hypothesis that poisoning from lead in cider was to blame. He pointed out that lead was used in the cider making process both as a component of the cider presses and in the form of lead shot which was used to clean them.

 Life is short, the Art long, opportunity fleeting, judgment difficult, experience delusive. 

 Ὁ βίος βραχύς, ἡ δὲ τέχνη μακρή, ὁ δὲ καιρὸς ὀξύς, ἡ δὲ πεῖρα σφαλερή, ἡ δὲ κρίσις χαλεπή. 

Hippocrates's Aphorisms, Section I, 1

Littré, Émile Maximilien Paul. Œuvres Complètes d'Hippocrate
vol. IV, p. 458, J.–B. Ballière. Paris, 1844

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